Affordable And Clean Energy Sustainable Development Goals – The world is moving towards Goal 7, and there are encouraging signs that energy is sustainable and widespread.
In poor countries, access to electricity is accelerating, energy efficiency is improving, and renewable energy is making great strides in the electricity sector.
Affordable And Clean Energy Sustainable Development Goals
However, significant attention is needed to improve access to clean and safe cooking fuels and technologies for 3 billion people, expand renewable energy beyond the grid, and increase electrification in sub-Saharan Africa.
Sustainable Development Goal 7
The Energy Progress Report provides a global dashboard to track progress in energy access, energy efficiency and renewable energy. It assesses each country’s progress in these three pillars and provides an overview of how far we are from achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
Energy is a major contributor to climate change and is responsible for 60 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions.
Indoor air pollution caused by the use of fossil fuels for household energy killed 4.3 million people in 2012, 6 in 10 of whom were women and girls.
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In 2016, the share of renewable energy rose the fastest since 2012, increasing by 0.24 percent to 17.5 percent, driven by rapid growth in hydropower, wind and solar.
7. By 2030, strengthen international cooperation to invest in clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, advanced and clean fossil fuel technology, and energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies.
7.B By 2030, expand infrastructure and improve technologies to provide modern and sustainable energy services in developing countries, particularly least developed countries, small island developed states and least developed countries, based on appropriate support programs.
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Despite significant progress over the past decade in improving access to electricity, increasing the use of renewable energy in the electricity grid, and improving energy efficiency, the world cannot provide affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Clean and sustainable energy must be at the heart of the response to COVID-19 and the fight against climate change.
Global access to electricity increased from 83 percent in 2010 to 90 percent in 2019, with an annual average electrification increase of 0.876 percent. The global access deficit fell from 1.22 billion in 2010 to 759 million in 2019. Despite major efforts, 660 million people around the world still lack access in 2030. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic is hindering progress in electrification in the future.
In 2019, 66 percent of the world’s population had access to clean cooking fuels and technologies. From 2010 to 2019, the majority of these gains occurred in low- and middle-income countries and territories: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and Pakistan. People who rely on polluting fuels and technologies are exposed to levels of indoor air pollution that have serious consequences for their cardiovascular and respiratory systems and increase their susceptibility to disease, including the COVID-19 virus.
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The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption has gradually increased from 16.4 percent in 2010 to 17.1 percent in 2018. However, the share of renewable energy sources in final energy consumption increased by 2.5 percent over the decade, remaining below 11. The pandemic has had a mixed impact on renewable energy growth in all recent sectors: global electricity demand decreased by 2 percent in 2020 compared to 2019, but renewable energy electricity consumption increased by 7 percent. compared to last year.
Global primary energy intensity increased from 5.6 megajoules per dollar of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2010 to 4.8 megajoules in 2018, at an average annual growth rate of 2 percent. Although preliminary estimates for 2019 also called for a 2 percent improvement, the outlook for 2020 is based on a 0.8 percent rate due to the pandemic. To achieve target 7.3, the average annual improvement by 2030 should be 3 percent.
International financial flows to developing countries to support clean and renewable energy reached $14 billion in 2018, down 35 percent from 2017 but up 32 percent from 2010. Hydropower projects accounted for 27 percent of the flow in 2018, while solar projects received 26 percent. percent, geothermal energy 8 percent, wind 5 percent and bulk or other renewable energy 34 percent.
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Developing countries’ per capita renewable energy capacity was 219 watts per capita at the end of 2019, up 7 percent year-on-year, but down from 8.8 percent per capita in 2018. Per capita hydropower remains stable in 2019. capacity increased by about 0.4 percent over the year. Both solar and wind power are growing faster than population growth, resulting in 22.2 and 11.3 percent increases in capacity per capita.
Lack of access to energy can hinder containment of COVID-19 in many parts of the world. Energy services are key to preventing disease and fighting pandemics, from running healthcare facilities, providing clean water for basic hygiene, social distancing, and providing communications and IT services that connect people.
Countries can accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable and sustainable energy system by investing in renewable energy sources, prioritizing energy conservation practices, and using clean energy technologies and infrastructure. Companies can protect and conserve ecosystems to meet 100% of their electricity needs from renewable sources. Employers can reduce the need for domestic transportation by favoring telecommuting and encouraging low-energy modes of travel such as train travel over car and air travel. Investors can invest more in sustainable energy services and bring new technologies to market faster from a diverse supplier base. You can save electricity by plugging devices, including computers, into a power strip and turning them off completely when not in use. You can also cycle, walk or use public transport to reduce carbon emissions. As the world’s population grows, so does the demand for affordable energy. The global economy is dependent on fossil fuels and increasing greenhouse gas emissions are causing drastic changes in our climate system. As a result of efforts to promote clean energy, more than 20 percent of the world’s electricity is produced from renewable sources. But one in seven people do not have access to electricity, and progress in all areas of sustainable energy is insufficient to meet energy availability and renewable energy and energy efficiency goals. Major changes require higher levels of funding, political commitment and the willingness of countries to adopt new technologies on a larger scale.
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Affordable And Clean Energy
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