Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry – The oil and gas industry is one of the largest contributors to the economy worldwide. Countries like America, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, China and Canada transport huge amounts of oil and gas, which is the largest contributor to the growth of these countries.

The oil company is divided into three segments: upstream, midstream and downstream. More cyber attacks occur in the production (upstream) and transportation (midstream) sectors than in the distribution (downstream) sector of the oil and gas industry. Monitoring in this sector includes testing of resources, production, quality, temperature, chemical composition, safety and leakage.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Companies face challenges in continuous monitoring throughout the process. To avoid risks and facilitate the monitoring process, companies have turned to systematic business regulation. Systematic control over operations is more practical when the pipeline passes through remote areas where human supervision is less possible. Due to the financial sector’s dependence on technology and power, cyber threats are greater than in any other sector in the world.

Pdf) Cyber Attacks On The Oil & Gas Sector: A Survey On Incident Assessment And Attack Patterns

(Global data on increased cyber attacks in the oil and gas industry from March 2019 to March 2020. Source: Ars Technica)

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Infrastructure sabotage is a prime target for cyber communities to identify and collect corporate data for further attacks. This attack can wipe data and completely erase information on computers connected to the targeted network. In February 2020, an unnamed U.S. natural gas company was compromised by a cyberattack on its infrastructure, completely halting operations for two days.

Attackers can also use webmail and external emails to steal confidential data, including project details, design and security information. These can be identified and cleaned up, but these email attacks can be the starting point for serious attacks.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Cyberattacks On Oil & Gas Sector

Ransomware attacks are used to disrupt a company’s day-to-day operations through specially crafted spam emails or over an unsecured protocol connection and can take down an entire network. In May 2020, Houston-based oil and natural gas company V&T Offshore Inc. fell victim to a ransomware attack and lost nearly 800 gigabytes of employee and financial data leaked onto the dark web.

Monitoring security operations can be as difficult as monitoring and managing pipelines, and rapid technological advancements can be difficult to adapt to, but several security standards must be followed to prevent the threat of cyber attacks.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

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Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

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Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

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Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

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Cybersecurity Threats For The Oil And Gas Sector

Forensic Memory Examination – Analyzing processes, DLLs, consoles, process memory, and network memory is a useful and useful technique in malware analysis. The process of examining an affected computer using various tools… Research published by DNV shows that energy executives predict cyber attacks in the next two years that will threaten lives, property and the environment in the sector.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

The report shows that more than four-fifths of professionals working in the energy, renewables and oil and gas sectors believe that a cyber attack on the sector is likely to cause disruption (85%) and damage to energy assets and critical infrastructure (84%) will cause. ). 74% expect the attack to cause damage to the environment, while 57% expect loss of life.

The research is based on a survey of more than 940 energy professionals worldwide and in-depth interviews with industry executives.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

The Future Of The Oil And Gas Industry: Cyber Security & Explosion Proof Solutions

The growing fear of new and more extreme consequences of cyber attacks follows a series of high-profile security breaches in the energy sector in recent years. The DNV survey also shows that concerns about new threats have increased since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. 67% of energy professionals say recent cyber attacks on the sector have led their organizations to make major changes to their security strategies and systems.

“Energy companies have been concerned with IT security for decades. However, securing operational technology (OT) – the computing and communications systems that manage, monitor and control industrial activities – is a newer and more urgent challenge for the sector,” said Trond Solberg, Managing Director, Cyber ​​Security, DNV.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

“As OT becomes increasingly networked and connected to IT systems, attackers can gain access and control systems running on critical infrastructure such as power grids, wind farms, pipelines and refineries. Our research shows that the energy sector is becoming aware of the OT security threat, but faster action is needed to combat it. 47% of energy professionals believe their OT security is as robust as their IT security,” said Solberg.

Oil & Gas Security Market Size & Share Analysis

Six out of ten C-suite respondents in DNV’s survey admit that their organizations are now more vulnerable to attacks than ever before. However, there are signs that some companies are taking a wait-and-see approach in dealing with the threat.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

44% of C-suite respondents believe they need to urgently improve their operations in the coming years to prevent a serious attack on their business, and 35% of energy professionals say their business needs to be hit by a serious incident before they can invest in their business. defense.

One explanation for the apparent reluctance of some companies to invest in cybersecurity may be that most respondents believe their organization has avoided a major cyber attack to date. 22% suspect their organization has suffered a serious breach in the past five years.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Enhancing Operational Technology (ot) Cybersecurity

“It is concerning to find that some energy companies are taking a ‘hope for the best’ approach to cybersecurity rather than actively addressing emerging cyber threats.” This draws clear parallels with the gradual adoption of physical security practices in the energy sector over the past fifty years,” said Solberg.

“It took tragic events like the Piper Alpha incident in 1988 and the Macon disaster in 2010 for the industry to set priorities and internalize global safety protocols, and for stricter regulations to be put in place.” Our research sends a strong message that the industry must invest urgently to ensure that cybersecurity does not become the cause of future damage to life, property and the environment,” said Solberg.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

DNV recommends that the first step to strengthening defenses is to identify where critical infrastructure is vulnerable to attack. The report shows that while many organizations are investing in vulnerability detection, these efforts are not sufficiently extended to the companies they work with and where they make their purchases.

Rhebo Ot Security & Availability For Oil & Gas

Only 28% of energy professionals working with OT say their company makes supply chain cybersecurity a high investment priority. This contrasts with 45% of OT respondents who say spending on upgrading IT systems is a high investment priority.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

“Energy companies can fully monitor their own vulnerabilities and have the right risk management measures in place, but that won’t make a difference if there are undetected vulnerabilities in their supply chain.” Our research identifies “remote access to OT systems” among the top three methods for potential cyber attacks on the energy industry. We call on the industry to pay greater attention to ensuring that suppliers and equipment suppliers adhere to security best practices from the earliest stages of procurement,” said Jalal Bouhdada, CEO of Applied Risk.

Despite emerging cybersecurity threats, the survey shows that 31% of energy professionals confidently say they know exactly what to do if they are concerned about a potential cyber risk or threat to their organization. This finding highlights the need for energy companies to invest in training employees to detect instances of criminal attempts to access their systems. 57% of energy professionals say their employers’ cybersecurity training is effective.

Cyber Threats To Oil And Gas Industry

Cyber Threats For Oil And Gas

“A company’s workforce is the first line of defense against cyber attacks.” Effective workforce training, combined with ensuring the right cybersecurity expertise, can make all the difference in protecting critical infrastructure. Our research shows that companies should clearly evaluate their investments in educating their people on how to identify and respond to incidents in a timely manner,” said Bouhdada. The oil and gas industry is an essential part of the global economy. After all, it employs millions of people around the world and is responsible for providing energy to homes, businesses and transportation systems, as well as supporting trade and commerce, technological advancements, infrastructure development and more. As is the case with most critical industries today,

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