Effective Strategies For Competitive Positioning In Sustainable Fisheries And Marine Ecosystem Preservation – Blue growth has become one of the main topics in marine management. With a special emphasis on technological innovation, activities related to the ocean are defined as a complex structure for environmentally friendly and socio-economic sustainable development. Fisheries are considered to have no growth potential and are therefore excluded from the European Union’s Blue Growth Strategy. However, in our review we argue that fisheries should play an important role in national blue growth strategies. We identified two interrelated management strategies to promote blue growth in fisheries: a) the implementation of the Community Development Quota (CDQ) system, and b) the promotion of small scale fishing (SSF). They oppose consolidation in the fishing industry because it could benefit coastal communities that depend on fishing. In addition, they allow small fishermen to improve quotas. In addition to increased access to quotas, the future of SSF depends on increased sources of public funding for technical development and innovation, as well as increased representation in management. With this in mind, we present various cases that have successfully implemented CDQ (Alaska fisheries) or have great potential to implement CDQ programs or improve their current practices (UK, Ireland, Iceland). We will further discuss examples of successful management strategies that directly support SSF. Addressing these issues in a Blue Growth Strategy will ensure the survival of fisheries-dependent communities, and SSF can transform from mainly part-time and subsistence fishing to full-time employment. time By doing this, they will be part of the development of the blue economy and strengthen environmentally sustainable and socio-economically sustainable fishing practices in Europe.
Blue Growth has become the main framework for ocean governance in the European Union (EU) (European Commission, 2019). Developed in parallel with the 2010 EU Green Development Strategy (European Commission, 2010), it is based on an integrated management approach to accelerate the economic growth of ocean-related activities by promoting innovation and knowledge development. At the same time, it is expected to reduce ecological damage, climate impacts, and social injustice (Boonstra et al., 2018; Burgess et al., 2018; Pauly, 2018). The blue economy includes all commercial activities in the maritime sector, such as shipping, port operations and fishing, and the European Blue Growth Strategy focuses on the five sectors with ‘ maximum potential for sustainable growth: aquaculture, coastal and marine industries. tourism, biotechnology, renewable energy and marine mining (European Commission, 2012). The term is widely used by countries and organizations inside and outside the EU (eg Burgess et al., 2018; Howard, 2018; Pauly, 2018; FAO, 2020; Sari and Muslimah, 2020) , but the practical implementation of the balance between government interests and ecological sustainability remains unclear (Soma et al., 2018).
Effective Strategies For Competitive Positioning In Sustainable Fisheries And Marine Ecosystem Preservation
Over the past 30 years, the world’s fisheries have declined by approximately 90 million levels. tn (t), and a corresponding increase in seafood production was seen due to rapid growth in the aquaculture sector. In the same period, it increased by 527%, producing more fish for human consumption than fisheries since 2014 (FAO, 2020). Due to production constraints (Pauly, 1996; Watson and Pauly, 2001) and ecological increase (Pauly and Palomares, 2005; Worm et al., 2006; Hiddink et al., 2017), as well as socio-economic ( Coulthard). et al., 2011; Olson, 2011; Bavink et al., 2018) assess fisheries as not having the capacity to continue blue growth (Ehlers, 2016) and are therefore not a focus of the EU Blue Growth Strategy. see Figure 1). However, some authors argue that fisheries should play an important role in all Blue Growth strategies that ensure livelihoods and protein supply for millions of people (Hilborn and Costello, 2018 ). It is not only an important economic activity for the oceans, but it has a large and maximum anthropogenic impact on marine ecosystems, leading to the destruction of several resources (Pauly et al., 2002). Therefore, it is important that all Blue Growth plans consider fishing for monetary reasons, as well as ensuring the ecological sustainability of ocean-related activities. If blue growth management strategies are neglected, the fishery will inevitably face competition for space, leading to increased fish pressure in the remaining areas where fisheries are available. Concentrated fishing effort in these areas can pose a serious threat to the environment and the health of fish stocks.
Mintzberg’s 5ps Of Strategy In A Nutshell
Figure 1. Summary of the European Union’s Blue Growth Strategy, key areas and philosophy, and other key sectors of the blue economy, drawn from the European Commission (2012).
In most fishing industries, small-scale fishing (Sønvisen et al., 2011) in the so-called “coastal employment system” represents the majority of vessels. In fact, 90% of the world’s fisheries workers are in the SSF sector (FAO, 2020), and it is estimated that they support about 10-12% of the world’s population ( FAO, 2012). Historically, all generations of fishing communities have worked together to supplement their livelihoods and family livelihoods. In general, men were on board, and women, as well as children, were responsible for processing fish, repairing equipment, gathering food, and organizing the campaign (Frangoudes, 2013). Until the 19th century, the fishing industry was largely dominated by SSF with limited technology, but especially after the Second World War, technological development increased rapidly (Sala et al., 2018). Globally, subsidies were mostly given to larger vessels, as SSFs received only 7% of total subsidies (Schuhbauer et al., 2017), which greatly widened the gap between large and SSFs. A lack of large resources, combined with markets largely focused on entrepreneurial hunting, has led to lost opportunities for small businesses and increased bureaucratic pressure (Davies et al., 2018; Symes et al., 2020). This is a worrying development, as SSFs are still important in supporting households in rural areas and dependent on fishing (Symes et al., 2020). As a result of the historical development of these communities, there is no economic alternative to fishing, and they face economic decline as well as continuous work flow (New Economics Foundation, 2016). Furthermore, political and scientific attention is still focused on large fleets, but the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) aimed to create a better framework within the EU system. However, most Producing Organizations (POOs) do not import SSF, and although the impact on SSF stocks is unknown, under the CFP they had to follow the same waste procedures’ s was for large ships (Pascual-Fernández et al., 2020). ). Although the importance of SSF to the livelihoods of coastal communities in the global South is often emphasized, there are ancient traditional SSFs in the North Atlantic and Northeast global regions. Although frameworks such as the CFP aim to strengthen the position and representation of SSFs in networks such as Low Impact Fisheries in Europe (LIFE), they are under pressure from the aforementioned pressures and are at risk. This is a worrying development because they represent a traditional form of food production with specific knowledge of their fishing areas, but also an important part of the life of coastal communities (Pascual-Fernández et al., 2020). Our review highlights both the potential to strengthen the economy of coastal communities dependent on fisheries and promote blue growth in SSF through the creation of a Community Development Quota (CDQ) scheme where ownership and management community councils or part quota councils. shares of stock on behalf of the public. We present four case studies to illustrate and prove our claim, the first of which is about the Alaskan pollock fishery, where the CDQ scheme has successfully strengthened the economy of fishing-dependent communities. In three other examples, we describe the situation in the island states of northern Europe; Great Britain, Ireland and Iceland. All three countries have a rich fishing tradition and large coastal fishing fleets, but have tried to establish management schemes similar to CDQ, with little or no success. We aim to identify opportunities for establishment, political empowerment and targeted funding for fisheries management as a core concept of the Blue Growth Strategy. These two strategic directions are not discussed separately, but the potential for mutual reinforcement is emphasized.
Alaskan pollock or Walleye ( Gadus chalcogrammus ) belongs to the Gadida family and is found in the North Pacific from Washington state to the waters of Russia, northern Japan and Korea (Strong and Criddle, 2013). This white fish forms schools near the bottom of the ocean and is especially abundant in the Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska. The main products are fast food restaurants, grocery sales, caviar, surimi (especially in Japan), fish oil and fishmeal (Strong and Criddle, 2013). Fishing in Alaska began in the early 1960s, with Japan and Russia. In 1976, the Magnuson Fisheries Conservation and Management Act began the process of “Americanizing” the fishery.
Lessons From Implementation Of The Eu’s Common Fisheries Policy
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