Effective Strategies For Risk Management In Sustainable Eco-friendly Packaging And Recycling Initiatives – Assessing the increasing intensity trend and severe wind risk of Philippine typhoons using the Holland-B gauge and regional cyclonic wind field modeling.
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Effective Strategies For Risk Management In Sustainable Eco-friendly Packaging And Recycling Initiatives
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Esg In Vietnamese Enterprises: Paving The Path To Sustainable And Resilient Growth
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Sustainable Competitive Advantage In A Nutshell
By Asitha De Silva Asitha De Silva Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar *, Dilanthi Amaratunga Dilanthi Amaratunga Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar and Richard Haig Richard Haig Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar
Received: August 31, 2022 / Revised: November 11, 2022 / Accepted: November 19, 2022 / Published: December 2, 2022
Due to climate change, the impact of disasters has increased and intensified, and its negative effects have caused great loss and damage to communities around the world. Studies have confirmed that the main cause is the negative impact on the natural environment and its processes due to human activities. Therefore, decision-makers are looking for new initiatives and approaches where ecological and nature-based solutions are recognized as successful and sustainable solutions. However, ecological implementation or nature-based solutions are not sufficient to specifically plan disaster risk reduction at the local level. In this context, this article aims to examine the political perspective on green and blue infrastructure as a nature-based solution for better preparedness for disaster risk. The study is based on a detailed literature review combining a policy review supported by a review of academic articles. The results confirm that international policies and frameworks have recognized the importance of ecological or nature-based solutions to disaster risk reduction in successfully integrating green and blue infrastructure. In conclusion, translating nature-based solutions from international policies and frameworks into local and national plans will strengthen community resilience through better preparedness.
Sustainability In Business
Humans have tried to understand and explain their environment or environment and its processes in ancient times through myths and beliefs  and more recently through the progress of science. Knowledge gathered based on empirical studies provided explanations of environmental processes that encouraged ideas of human adaptive capacities [2, 3], which laid the foundation for an environmental opportunity perspective . Based on this ideology, many people in the early 20th century believed that they could use scientific knowledge to change the environment, but did not consider the consequences. The reactionary theory of environmental determinism , which suggests that every natural phenomenon is based on natural laws, was rejected by the ideas of environmental probabilities. Determinism argued that humans must obey natural laws.
Demand for natural resources increased rapidly as the population grew. Overexploitation of natural resources such as land, oil, biomass and water due to high demand has led to rapid environmental degradation [9, 10, 11]. Because humans believe they have the ability to control the environment, the changes are applied to the entire planet. Forest cover was rapidly depleted, and greenhouse gas emissions increased dramatically . Scientists have issued warnings about climate change, and discussions about mitigation strategies continue among the world’s decision makers. World leaders agree on the principles of sustainable development in which environmental stability is required in all development projects for continued existence.
Due to changes in the environment, the balance of nature has been disrupted at both micro and macro scales . For example, the release of greenhouse gases has changed the radiation balance of the Earth’s atmosphere by increasing the retention time of incoming solar radiation in the lower atmosphere [15, 16]. This lower average temperature of the atmosphere has increased, known as global warming, which has a significant impact on many other environmental systems. Earth’s climate is driven by incoming solar radiation , the heat of which changes weather patterns such as warming, depression building, hydrological cycles, wind formation, and even El Niño and La Niña, which create devastating, destructive events across the planet. . 
Sustainable Strategies To Treat Urban Runoff Needed
To face the devastating impact of natural disasters, scientists and policy makers have tried many technology-based applications for disaster prevention and mitigation. Seawalls, dikes, and breakwaters for coastal erosion prevention , flood control levee systems , and slope stabilization using hard engineering structures  are some examples among many. However, many of these initiatives began to fail due to the increasing number of natural disasters. For example, Bangladesh’s flood control dams, which were successful structural engineering for flood prevention, have begun to deteriorate due to extreme flood conditions in many parts of the country . Therefore, new methods of environmental protection have been proposed by many experts, and promising results have been obtained in many parts of the world.
Natural disasters have existed for a very long time, but human intervention has become a disaster of loss of life and destruction of property. For example, anthropogenic activities occupy most of the dead lands, such as slopes, floodplains, and coastal areas where catastrophic events are most active. It is believed that restoring the balance of natural processes to a certain extent will have a significant impact on the reduction and mitigation of disaster risk . Therefore, decision makers are moving towards nature-based solutions  and ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction  in their efforts to make communities resilient. Nature-based solutions and the implementation of ecologically based disaster reduction, green and blue infrastructure initiatives are considered to be one of the successful implementations of planning for the built environment [25, 26]. In addition, studies have shown that green and blue infrastructure initiatives have shown promising results in climate change mitigation , flood control , landslides,  and coastal erosion prevention.
Green infrastructure refers to universal green spaces that can be implemented in urban and rural landscapes, and improves the quality of life and environmental benefits for society [ 31 , 32 ]. Green infrastructure facilitates ecosystem-based initiatives such as roof gardens, vertical gardens, open green spaces, public parks, etc. which support climate change prevention, disaster resilience, and community well-being . Blue infrastructure facilitates water-related ecosystems for the same purpose above . This includes urban ponds, rain gardens, wetlands, canals and other water-related ecosystems. Natural and ecosystem-based solutions for disaster risk reduction, green and blue infrastructure features are encouraged as ecologically sustainable solutions to make communities more resilient . However, green and blue infrastructure policies and their support among decision makers and practitioners need to be improved. To address this limitation, this article aims to understand better preparation among local and national communities for political support for disaster risk reduction for green and blue infrastructure implementation.
Pdf) Green Risk Management In Promoting Business Sustainability Practices And Development
In terms of disaster risk reduction, ecosystem-based disaster reduction (Eco-DRR) and ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA), green infrastructure and blue infrastructure are considered nature-based solutions (NbS) . When it comes to environmental DRR, these different terminologies can describe similar meanings reflected under the umbrella of nature-based solutions. Vertical gardening, roof gardening, open green spaces, green belts and urban wetlands are some of the topics under the heading of green and blue infrastructure. However, current environmental DRR practices focus on nature-based solutions such as green and blue infrastructure, showing limitations in existing initiatives. The integration of ecosystem services and biodiversity into disaster risk reduction planning from a local level seems limited and needs more support from national and international level policies and institutions [15, 40]. Knowledge of measures and available political support to integrate nature-based solutions into local planning seems to be limited. Research so far has shown that most measures fall under the umbrella of nature-based solutions.
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