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Exploring Small Business Sustainable Global Supply Chain Practices And Green Initiatives
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What Is Green Tech? How It Works, Types, Adoption, And Examples
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By Dominik Zimon Dominik Zimon Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, * , Jonah Tyan Jonah Tyan Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2 by Robert Sroufe Robert Sroufe Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 3
What Is Supply Chain Management?
Received: 31 October 2019 / Updated: 10 December 2019 / Accepted: 15 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
The purpose of this study is to propose a sustainable supply chain implementation system (SSCM) based on a literature review while classifying the actions taken by companies and industries. Considering the evolution of the SSCM field and its emerging trends, we examine why and how companies are implementing SCCM practices in a national context. The research methods used in this study include the creation of theories based on literature review and synthesis about the structure of the SSCM implementation process using several cases in Taiwan. Literature review, content analysis and research provide new insights into the design of the implementation model, as well as general implementation criteria, collaboration and adaptive SSCM. Applications include but are not limited to process improvement in supply chain management, and opportunities to develop international operations. Our development of a conceptual framework complements existing theory by providing new insights into SCCM implementation practices. This study can help guide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers in sustainable supply chain management strategies in the future.
Sustainable development is an effort to create a program that integrates different levels of human activity, which were often considered separate in the past, based on ethical ideas about human responsibility for the environment. When considering sustainable development in the context of supply chain management, it is a management concept that goes beyond supply chain performance metrics of cost, time and flexibility. Efforts to implement environmental and social sustainability that support current and future generations increase transparency in supply chain management for ethical, economic, legal, social and technical aspects of work. Roy and others.  spoke in the same context, knowing that sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) deals with the management of economic integration and non-economic issues in the supply chain. Furthermore, SSCM clearly integrates social and environmental aspects with economic issues in the third bottom line (TBL), and integrates forward and backward supply chains . Some have expanded the focus of annual sustainability and financial reporting  to now call for integrated land performance (IBL) , while increasing the efficiency of green supply chains effectively . In the process of creating a sustainable development strategy for the company, it is important to identify and connect the links in the supply chain. Ready et al.  concluded that companies other than targeted companies are responsible for up to 80% of total gas emissions. They take this further with the example of Marks & Spencer calculating that the environmental impact of the supply chain is 90%, and only 10% is attributed to the target company. Indeed, because of this production, environmental performance cannot be effectively addressed at the individual company level. On the contrary, it is important to have a link covering the supply chain. The implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in supply chains is also important. The issue of CSR touches economic, social, and ethical issues, as well as the relationship with the environment. In this sense, CSR issues include the interests of stakeholder groups, consumers, local communities, and the environment. Voluntary CSR programs can contribute to the image and credibility of companies, making these programs very popular among ethical companies. The aim is to promote business, make voluntary commitments to the local community, the environment and reduce the occurrence of negative events.
Creating A Connected Supply Chain Advantage
There is a growing literature on SCCM implementation. This includes studies such as the TBL framework (see for example, references [7, 8]) the drivers and barriers to implementation , and the intersection of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals . In the field of TBL framework research, conceptual frameworks/models are usually derived from conducting formal literature reviews or case studies. A total of 21 SSCM articles were identified from a sample of 311 over a period of 29 years (1990 – 2019) through a keyword search (i.e., SSCM + system) through the Advanced Science Development database, the Index of Science Development Society, and Scopus databases. The selected literature is further classified into SSCM implementation model , SSCM conceptual system , SSCM operating system , and SSCM context , which are the corresponding numbers of each group is 2, 10, 7, and 2, respectively. Analysis of a sample of the literature using these categories shows that the development of systems/structures in the area of SSCM implementation has received little attention. These models are important as they help industry leaders adopt a strategic approach to adopting SCCM practices . We therefore argue that the investigation and development of the implementation process is a topic that will fill a gap in the literature, and add value to practitioners and the SSCM research field.
The purpose of this study is to develop an SSCM implementation framework based on a literature review and classification of published SCCM practices. Although some efforts have been made to understand the implementation process of SCCM, we still have ample opportunity to understand this implementation topic. Bahinipati and Panigrahi  develop a reduced implementation model but limit its attention to constraints and risks in the SSCM decision-making process. Also, Luthra and Mangla  see the adoption of SCCM activities as an important factor, but they fail to plan SSCM strategies at the organizational level, instead they focus on implementation strategies as drivers of SSCM such as “management participation, support and commitment. .” Therefore, the relationship between effective implementation strategies and related activities is still unknown. Next, let’s discuss RQ1. In terms of sustainable needs, what sustainable strategies and practices appear in the literature? The gap between concepts and field practices also occurs in the context of SSCM. Many conceptual models of SSCM have been developed through literature review [12, 17], which may not represent the implementation activities in the real world. In the contract, the construction of the action plan through the analysis of the situation seems to be the best as a way to resemble the real work. However, the SCCM empirical literature remains a solid foundation for conducting implementation research. Thus, we arrive at RQ2. Do SCCM practices in the literature work in a meaningful context? In building a system, it can take different approaches to organize the components. Ansari and Kant  conduct a comprehensive literature review and suggest that the concepts most commonly used to design SSCM systems include regulatory pressures/legal requirements, risk management, data transparency and green purchasing. Currently, some important concepts of SSCM such as organizational sustainability strategies and sustainable management are used less and less to create such systems . Gosling and colleagues  considered three SSCM strategies (i.e. reactive, contributing, and proactive) but used supply chain management and learning to build a conceptual framework for SSCM. Similarly, Luthra and Mangla  implement SSCM strategies as drivers or barriers to implementation rather than a matter of organizational strategy. Our research aims to build a framework for the implementation of SSCM from the perspectives of sustainable organizational strategies and sustainable practices. Taking all the discussions, we developed RQ3. What is the general process of implementing SCCM? In the discussion section, we try to answer the question (RQ4.) if the Model of Performance, Cooperation and Performance can be used in European and North American and South American countries.
Considering the evolution of this field and the emerging trends of environmental and social sustainability, we examine the main reasons why companies implement SSCM practices. In search of an example of evidence-based implementation, we can suggest a general example. To help promote this trend,
The Supply Chain: From Raw Materials To Order Fulfillment
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