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Iot Sensors In Robotics For Automation And Object Detection
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Industry 4.0 And Mobile Robots
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By Christina Stolojescu-Crisson Christina Stolojescu-Crisson Skillit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, *, Calin Crisson Calin Crisson Skillit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2 and Bogdan-Petru Butunoi Bogdan-Petru Butunoi Skillit Preprints.org Google Scholar 3
Sensors For Robotics And Artificial Intelligence
Received: April 15, 2021 / Revised: May 15, 2021 / Accepted: May 26, 2021 / Published: May 30, 2021
(This article is part of the Special Selected Papers Issue of the ISETC 2020 International Electronics and Telecommunications Symposium)
Home automation has grown in popularity in recent years as daily life has become simpler with the rapid development of technology. Almost everything has become digital and automated. In this paper, a system is proposed to interconnect sensors, actuators, and other data sources for the purpose of multiple home automation. The system is called qToggle and it works by harnessing the power of a flexible and powerful application programming interface (API), which represents the basis of a simple and common communication scheme. The devices used by qToggle are typically sensors or actuators with upstream network connections that implement the qToggle API. Most of the tools used by QToggle are based on ESP8266/ESP8285 chips and/or Raspberry Pi boards. A smartphone app has been developed to allow users to control a range of home appliances and sensors. The QToggle system is user-friendly, flexible and can be further developed using various tools and add-ons.
Understanding The Internet Of Things (iot) And Its Connection To Automation
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of connecting and monitoring devices remotely over the Internet. In recent years, the IoT concept has had a strong development, currently being used in various fields such as smart home, telemedicine, industrial environment, etc. . Wireless sensor network technologies integrated with IoT enable global interconnection of smart devices with advanced functionalities . A wireless home automation network, composed of sensors and actuators that share resources and are interconnected, is the key technology for building a smart home. A “smart home” is part of the IoT paradigm and aims to integrate home automation. Enabling objects and devices in the home to connect to the Internet allows users to monitor and control them remotely . These include light switches that can be turned on and off using a smartphone or by voice command, thermostats that will adjust the indoor temperature and generate reports on energy consumption, or monitoring systems. Intelligent irrigation that will start at a specific time of the day, a personalized monthly schedule, and thus control water wastage. Smart home solutions have become very popular in recent years. Figure 1 shows an example of a smart home that uses various IoT-connected utilities.
The biggest advantage of home automation systems is their easy management and control using various devices including smartphones, laptops and desktops, tablets, smart watches or voice assistants. Home automation systems offer a variety of benefits; They add security through appliance and lighting controls, secure the home through automatic door locks, increase awareness through security cameras, increase convenience through temperature adjustment, save valuable time, give control And save money.
Many home automation systems included in IoT have been proposed by academic researchers in the literature over the past decade. In wireless home automation systems, various technologies have been used, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, Bluetooth-based automation [4, 5, 6] is cheap, quick, and easy to install, but it is limited to short distances. GSM and ZigBee are also widely used wireless technologies. GSM allows long distance communications at the cost of a mobile plan from a service provider operating in the area. Zigbee [7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12] is a wireless mesh networking standard designed for low cost and low power consumption, intended for wireless applications in the control and monitoring of battery-powered devices. . However, it has low data transmission speed, low transmission, low network stability and high maintenance costs. Wi-Fi technology is used [9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18]. The advantages of Wi-Fi technology compared to ZigBee or Z-Wave relate to cost, complexity (i.e. simplicity), and accessibility. First, Wi-Fi-enabled smart devices are generally cheaper. Additionally, it is easier to find do-it-yourself devices that use Wi-Fi, resulting in a less expensive option. Second, Wi-Fi is already a necessity and is in most homes. So it’s easier to buy devices that are already Wi-Fi compatible. Finally, Wi-Fi is characterized by its simplicity, which means the user needs to connect only a minimum number of devices for home automation setup. As is very common, investment in additional hardware is avoided; The user only needs basic setup of the home automation system. Although Wi-Fi is not designed to create a mesh network, it consumes ten times more power than similar devices using ZigBee, Z-Wave or Bluetooth for example, and many Wi-Fi Fi routers cannot allow more than thirty devices to connect at once. , Compared to Ethernet, Wi-Fi has several advantages, including easier connection and access to multiple devices, scalability (adding new devices without additional cables), lower cost, or the need for a single point of connection. Single access. Disadvantages include limited range (a Wi-Fi network with standard devices may have limited range through walls and other obstacles in a standard home), limited number of devices, interference and complex propagation effects. obstacles can block the Wi-Fi signal and affect the devices connected to it, and connection speed issues (the fastest Wi-Fi speeds are much slower than wired networks), Internet security and privacy issues Are. Open-source and low-cost hardware components, such as Arduino and Raspberry Pi microcontroller unit (MCU) boards, and a combination of sensors have been widely used in home automation. Home automation using Arduino cards is proposed in [3, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23]. Arduino is very flexible, open source, cheap and easy to program . Furthermore, the existence of a large and active user community is a big plus. However, Arduino is not designed to handle the higher complexity that comes with advanced projects. For more advanced, real-time projects, the Raspberry Pi is a better choice. The Raspberry Pi is an exciting technological development that is much cheaper than any desktop or mobile device . Most software and projects created on the Raspberry Pi are open source and maintained by online user communities, who are always excited about new projects. When developing software on the Raspberry Pi, Python is the language of choice because it is relatively simple (fewer lines and less complexity) compared to other programming languages. In addition to its low price, the Raspberry Pi is energy efficient and does not require any cooling system. Smart home automation with Raspberry Pi is proposed in [9, 12, 15, 25, 26]. ESP8266 chips are low-cost Wi-Fi modules that are ideally suited for projects in the IoT field. The ESP8266 is a single-core processor running at 80 MHz. ESP8266 chips have been used for home automation projects in [9, 21, 27, 28, 29, 30]. A comparison of home automation system features published in scientific articles over the past ten years is presented in Table 1.
Advances In Flexible Sensors For Intelligent Perception System Enhanced By Artificial Intelligence
Another category of home automation systems is represented by commercial platforms, such as Quicken, Domintel, Loxone or HomeSeer. They offer a wide range of smart home devices from multiple vendors, different communication protocols for wired (Domintel) and wireless (Kivicon) transmission, or both (HomeSeer and Loxone), and multiple automations such as ‘locking systems, temperature control’ Are. lightning. System, Environmental System, Video Surveillance (Qwicon and Homeseer only) or Anti-intrusion. All solutions provide a mobile application to control the system. In terms of price, it depends on the size of the house and the number of appliances to be installed.
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