Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation – In the last 50 years, the number of natural disasters has increased fivefold. Whether it’s a tornado, fire, flood, tornado, earthquake or hurricane, your organization is more vulnerable to climate-related events now than ever before.

Do you think your particular organization will not be affected? Also, between January 2013 and January 2023, 88.5% of all counties in the United States declared a natural disaster. And a disaster can cost you a lot of money.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

From the 1970s to the 2010s, economic losses caused by storms, floods, fires, etc. increased sevenfold. From 2010-2019, natural disasters cost an average of $383 million per day. In the 1970s, losses averaged only $49 million per day.

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Are they still afraid? You should be. Natural disasters can damage your facilities, harm your employees and customers, stop your production in its tracks, and put you out of business altogether.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Forty percent of businesses do not reopen after a natural disaster. Another 25 percent of businesses fail within one year of a disaster, and an additional 90 percent fail within two years.

However, there is a bright spot in all this doom and gloom. Organizations that prepare for natural disasters can react and start to recover more quickly.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Difference Between Preparedness And Mitigation

But as a facilities manager or building owner, how do you plan for something devastating like a fire, flood or hurricane? Where do you start?

This is where the four steps of disaster management come into play. They are a useful framework for building your disaster recovery and business continuity plans. An updated assessment of the condition of the facility is another important tool for disaster management, which, as you will read below, plays an important role in all four phases.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

All organizations are in at least one phase at any given time. Understanding these four steps empowers your organization to prepare and respond to crises in a smarter and more informed way. Making the right decisions gives your organization the best chance of survival and recovery after a climate-related event.

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Let’s take a closer look at what the stages of disaster management mean and how a facility condition assessment can help you in each one.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

The mitigation phase occurs before the collapse. Here, an organization takes steps to protect people and property, while also reducing the risks and consequences from a particular disaster situation. The organization’s primary goal is to reduce the risk of disaster impacts (such as property damage, injury, and loss of life).

One of the most important mitigation strategies is to conduct a facility condition assessment (FCA). FCA shows you the current condition of all your buildings and spotlights areas that need repair or replacement.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

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If you know your roof has some trouble spots, you can make repairs so the next big storm doesn’t cause leaks and water damage to your building. If you know that the insulation around your water pipes is failing, you can re-insulate them before the freezing temperatures of a blizzard cause your pipes to burst. If you know that your hurricane-resistant windows are nearing the end of their life, you can replace them before the next hurricane season.

FCA also highlights where your highest cost or most critical buildings are located. If you know you have a facility in an area with a high risk of weather disasters, you can prioritize that facility in your mitigation efforts.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

The preparation phase also occurs before a disaster strikes. Here, an organization tries to understand how a disaster can affect overall productivity and the bottom line. The organization will also provide appropriate education while putting preparedness measures in place.

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Examples of preparedness include hosting training, education, exercises, tabletop exercises, and full-scale disaster preparedness exercises. This ensures that stakeholders know what to do in the event of an emergency. The update of exit plans is also being prepared.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Organizations can assemble a team to create a business continuity plan and list the resources needed to recover from a disaster.

FCA stores important information about your assets and building envelope which will be useful if you need to make a replacement order. You can easily find the manufacturer, model or serial number, and other details about a specific asset.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Disaster Prevention And Mitigation Planning

In addition, FCA contains photos and descriptions of the current condition of every part of your facility. This is very important if you need to make an insurance claim. These “before” photos of what your building looked like before the disaster can prove to your insurance adjuster that yes, your roof was in pristine condition before a storm ripped it off. and, yes, Expect the insurance to pay in full for the new roof.

For these reasons, it is important that your FCA is always current. An old FCA is an invalid FCA and will not be of any help to you. Today’s live FCAs are conducted using specific building assessment software that allows facilities teams to update them over time.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

The reaction phase occurs immediately after a disaster. Organizations should focus on addressing immediate threats to people, property and businesses. Occupant safety and well-being depend greatly on your level of preparedness before disaster strikes.

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The most notable example of the response phase is making sure people can’t do harm. The organization can then proceed to assess the damage, implement disaster response plans, clean up cleanup efforts, and begin deploying resources as needed.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Businesses will also need to plan for building closures, initial damage assessments, and cutting communications with stakeholders (such as staff, vendors and suppliers).

As the response period progresses, the focus typically shifts from immediate emergency problems to repairs, utility restoration, reestablishment of operations, and cleanup. The organization will also have to start planning for the rehabilitation of the damaged infrastructure.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

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Your live FCA is the bible when it comes to what assets make up your facilities. As such, it is an excellent tool to use as you assess damage after a disaster. This helps ensure you don’t miss potentially affected assets as you move through the facility. This is also a great place to note which assets are partially damaged, not damaged, or a total loss.

Once you assess the damage, it makes it easier for your FCA to see the overall damage in your facilities and then prioritize and assign repair work.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

In addition, because FCA includes the estimated costs for the repair or replacement of each asset, it can calculate more immediately the financial impact of a disaster.

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The recovery phase occurs after a disaster. This phase is the recovery of an organization that has been affected by a disaster. Until now, the organization has achieved minimum physical, environmental, economic and social sustainability.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

The disaster recovery phase can last anywhere from six months to a year (or even longer depending on the severity of the event).

An example of recovery is the development of strategic protocols and action plans to deal with the most serious impacts of a disaster. The protocol should provide clear steps to follow for different disaster events and cover multiple scenarios.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Hazard Mitigation Planning Process

In this phase, the organization works to acquire new resources, rebuild or form partnerships, and implement effective recovery strategies. The organization takes steps to reduce the financial burden, rebuild damaged structures, and reduce the risk of future disasters.

Your residential FCA is the place where you record all the damages that occur as a result of a disaster, as well as how much it costs to get your facilities up and running again.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

This information can help you determine how well (or poorly) your assets performed in a disaster and find ways to improve your facilities infrastructure before the next disaster. for example:

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A disaster management plan is only one part of a successful business continuity plan. Whether your organization is looking to renew its existing business continuity plan or wants to start over with a new one, AkitaBox makes it easy.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Here is a simple step-by-step guide to business continuity planning. Inside, you’ll find resources including an outline of the BCP, a business impact questionnaire, and other helpful tools.

Betsy is the content manager of AkitaBox. She loves writing blog posts, e-books, white papers, emails, and magazine articles on all things facilities management. She also loves to travel, run 5ks and cuddle with her dog. Coordination of regional disaster management efforts is a core function of the AHA Center, which requires robust processes and methods to ensure successful coordination at multiple levels and with multiple parties. One of the main ways to initiate disaster management work – whether for the AHA Center or for all other disaster actors – is through the use of the Disaster Management Cycle, and the expansion and its use in the ASEAN region.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Disaster Management Cycle

The Disaster Management Cycle (DMC) itself can sometimes vary significantly, but generally follows the same main steps in a circular motion. It is important to understand that this is not a ‘linear’ approach, but rather a cycle, with many elements of its final stages ‘returning’ to the early stages of DMC.

The aim of prevention is to avoid the direct onset of the disaster and therefore its negative effects. It focuses on measures taken to avoid disaster situations, including examples such as regulations to prevent land degradation, or the development of river channels to prevent flooding. Full protection from the adverse effects of related hazards and disasters.

Natural Disaster Prevention And Mitigation

Mitigation aims to limit or reduce the impact of potential disasters, usually when early prevention methods are not in place.

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