Natural Resource Conservation And Management – With the development of technology, indigenous knowledge is often labeled as unscientific, illogical, illogical, traditional and hindering development. REUTERS/Luc Gnago
Before the advent of scientific knowledge and so-called systems, indigenous knowledge was the most important aspect of human development, used by communities around the world to maintain their well-being. With the development of technology, indigenous knowledge is often labeled as unscientific, illogical, illogical, traditional and hindering development.
Natural Resource Conservation And Management
Such perceptions of indigenous knowledge have led to support for science-based approaches that are largely Eurocentric as the main way to solve the development-democratic problems of less developed countries. Local knowledge is also considered useless for sustainable development. Consequently, the newly independent countries of Africa, South America and Asia adopted a unified approach to development.
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The indigenous knowledge system in Ethiopia is one of the invisible, underutilized and neglected resources with unprecedented development potential. PATRICK ROBERT/SYGMA/CORBIS/SYGMA VIA GETTY IMAGES
Unfortunately, the adoption of foreign-born models of development and democracy without integration into domestic development and values creates political and developmental uncertainties in Third World countries. Therefore, policymakers and development planners have failed to achieve sustainable development. Thus, the syndrome of dependence of developing countries on development models produced by the West appeared.
However, the last three decades have witnessed a paradigm shift from completely limiting indigenous knowledge to the importance of promoting, enhancing and linking it with solutions. A new area of interest is local natural resource management mechanisms. As mentioned above, conservationists and politicians have reduced internal resource management mechanisms. In Zelealem and Williams:
Wildlife Conservation And Management
“Recent naturalists’ interest in indigenous resource management systems has arisen from the failure of many other conservation initiatives and the search for viable and sustainable alternatives to existing resource management models.”
, architecture, medicine, agriculture, crafts, conflict resolution, governance, natural resource management mechanisms, roofing experience (Konso peoples) and construction (stone houses in North Shewa and Tigray). However, these indigenous knowledge systems and practices are not systematically identified, studied, documented and used in a way that meets the goals of sustainable development and improves the quality of life. The indigenous knowledge system in Ethiopia is an invisible, underutilized and neglected resource with unprecedented potential for development.
From a local perspective, community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) refers to the management of natural resources by collective, local actors for local benefits. EUROPEAN UNION CIVIL PROTECTION AND HUMANITARIAN AID
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
This system made it possible to fairly use and distribute natural resources (grass, firewood and pasture) that are the basis for the life and safety of society. This paper examines the mechanisms of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) in particular
Various terms are used to refer to CBNRM mechanisms, including participatory, communal, communal, collaborative, shared, and grassroots natural resource management. CBNRM is an approach that developed as a result of the failure of conservation models and paradigms born in the West in the 1980s and developed in Third World countries. The underlying assumption is that development planners have failed to achieve sustainable development and have paradoxically created dependence on the west. Therefore, communities have found their ways to survive by relying on “tried and tested, effective, cheap, locally available and culturally appropriate local knowledge. And in many cases, they have to rely on the laws of nature and based on maintaining and building processes.
CBNRM was viewed from a local perspective as the management of natural resources such as land, forests, wildlife and water by collective, local actors for local benefit. Definition given by Fabricius
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He supports this because he sees CBNRM as the collective use and management of natural resources in rural areas by a group of self-identified, individualized people using shared opportunities.
CBNRM has evolved over the past four decades to enable the sustainable use of natural resources and to empower the people who live with the resources to be responsible for their own management and benefit from the use of these natural resources. CBNRM is an important global strategy for improving conservation outcomes while seeking to improve the livelihoods of rural populations. CBNRM has three objectives: poverty reduction, conservation of natural resources and good governance. These goals are closely related to each other. Since natural resources are the most important assets of communities, poverty alleviation depends on the use and conservation of natural resources. However, natural resources are not abundant. Instead, they are scarce resources that are unevenly distributed. as a result, they are a source of competition and conflict between communities and nations. The socio-economic and political development of a particular community is largely determined by the use of these scarce resources. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure sustainable management and use of resources based on the principles of equity, community participation and effective governance. Management is a continuous process of making the right decisions. In today’s world, decentralization, inclusiveness, equality, equity and accountability are increasingly recognized as the foundations of good governance.
The core principles of CBNRM include being people-centred, being participatory, being holistic, being strengths-based, using a collaborative approach, being sustainable and dynamic. CBNRM has become the dominant conservation and development paradigm since the 1980s, with both economic and non-economic benefits.
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There are several CBNRM mechanisms that are unique and dynamic to a particular community’s natural environment. The Menz Guassa Community Conservation Area is one of the oldest and most recognized Common Property Resource Management Areas in sub-Saharan Africa. In Zelealem:
One of the oldest, most effective conservation systems in sub-Saharan Africa, the Menz-Guassa Public Conservation Area, an area of 11,100 hectares, has a rich heritage of grasslands, plants and animals unique to Ethiopia. wolf, gelada and Abyssinian hare. The history of the local land tenure system, known as the Atsme Irist, reveals much about how people in Menz have regularly used, and even conserved, valuable pastures and ecosystem services for more than 400 years.
Located in the heart of the Shewan Plateau, Menz Guassa is home to many endemic but endangered plants and animals as a result of the existence of the Qero Conservation System for over 400 years. The area has various names such as Menz Guassa, Guassa Plateau, Menz Guassa Public Conservation Area and
The Upper Santa Ana River Wash Habitat Conservation Plan
, locally known as Guassa grass. Menz Guassa is located in the northeastern part of the regional state of Amhara Region.
The Menz-Guassa Community Conservation Area is one of the oldest and most recognized common property resource management areas in sub-Saharan Africa. FAO/MOUNTAIN corporate partnership
(area), covers a total area of 7,800 hectares. It borders Ludji-Seret and Meskel Ber
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West, north and south. It is the source of more than 26 rivers and is home to endangered wildlife, plants and birds endemic to Ethiopia, including the Ethiopian wolf, gelada, Abyssinian hare, Abyssinian meadowlark, unlined grass rat and is a shelter for old women and various animals. endemic birds.
Menz Guassa is a sanctuary for endangered wildlife, plants and birds endemic to Ethiopia. FAO/MOUNTAIN corporate partnership
, claimed to be the sons of Abeto Negasi Krestos, the founder of the Shewan dynasty. Gomeje
Natural Resource Conservation Management By Mcneese Foundation
/ ch r , a traditional institution that serves the community at death and funeral. His head
It was chosen by the royal family because they had time to visit this place as they were not busy with manufacturing and other activities like the rest of the society. to key informants, the second
The study area based on local government system was Ato Sheresher Wolde from Gera and Ato Demeke from Asebo.
Conservation And Resource Management
, was responsible for protecting and regulating the use of Guassa territory. There was one each in Asbo and Gera districts
They are mostly unanimously elected with the participation of all users of common property and resources. In Zelealem and Williams:
Guassa user communities are further divided into Tabot or Mekdes (parish) levels. Asbo users are organized in six churches and Gera users are organized in eight churches. Each parish had a leader (Aleqa or Chiqa-shum) in charge of the respective Abba Qera.
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System, the Guassa area was protected from any interference – for at least three to five years – until that time.
In a church meeting announced to legitimate users the use of Guassa grass for any purpose, firewood collection and animal grazing. The
He allowed people to use Guassa during periods of drought and when he thought the grass had recovered sufficiently. From the date of publication until June 5 of the same year – known locally
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These include legislative and enforcement mechanisms for the protection, management and sustainable use of Guassa. The territory is divided into two parts: Gera and Asbo, the two brothers who founded it
System. Those who claimed to be descendants of Hera and Asbo used the territories bounded by Hera and Asbo respectively. Each region had one
Under the Qero system, legal users could use Guassa grass for any purpose, including livestock grazing. TUNISIA HOURISSO
Ai And Natural Resource Management
The council is the highest decision-making body of the Guassa region.
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