Space Technology Developments In Space-based Space Debris Recycling And Repurposing – Instead of the actual situation of leaving aircraft in space, this project creates a technology that will allow space to be stopped at the end of their useful life.
ET.PACK is a Pathfinder project (FET-OPEN) funded by the European Commission with a grant of 3 million euros. This project aims to provide deorbit equipment that will be placed on the launch stages of heavy vehicles and satellites temporary in the future. This allows for the abandonment of these aircraft at the end of their useful life, rather than their original behavior of leaving them in orbit. Pulling on the electrical tether allows the satellite to re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere and remove it in large layers, solving the problem of space debris. Unlike traditional techniques, it does not require development and works quickly.
Space Technology Developments In Space-based Space Debris Recycling And Repurposing
ET Pack is also supported by the Innovation Launchpad project. BMOM aims to build a commercial system for Deorbit devices based on electrodynamic tether technology, which is currently being developed in the ET.PACK project.
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The launch of the SENER Aeroespacial satellite carrying the E.T.PACK technology is therefore an important step to ensure this new technology.
On October 26, SENER Aeroespacial and Rocket Factory Augsburg AG (RFA) agreed to a service launch agreement. The launch of the E.T.Pack deorbit device will demonstrate this new electrodynamic tether technology to deorbit satellites and launch high-altitude rockets without the use of chemicals or electricity.
This new technology has the potential to revolutionize space, as it addresses one of the most important space challenges of today and tomorrow: space debris. Senate Commerce Committee Leaders Advance Space Debris Removal Act “Orbital debris management is one of the most important areas where the United States lags behind other nations, and this bill will make space sustainable. role in making technology available to all,” said Brian Weeden of the Global Security Foundation.
Facing The Challenge Of Space Debris
Kinetic ASATs can create dangerous space debris that can destroy commercial satellites. (Photo: Space Information Center)
WASHINGTON – An ambitious group of senators has introduced legislation aimed at beginning the development of commercial technologies to clean up space debris, drawing protests from agencies including the Department of Defense.
Sen. John Hickenlooper (D-Colo.) and Sen. The Orbital Sustainability Act (ORBITS) [PDF] was authored by Cynthia Lummis, chair and ranking member of the Senate Subcommittee on Commerce, Science, Transportation, and Space Sciences. It was introduced Monday by Rep. (R-Wyo.). . , in turn; and the chairman of the committee and an honorable member, Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-Washington) and Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Mississippi).
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The bill would “focus on research, development, and demonstration of technologies that can safely perform ADR operations and stimulate new markets for these operations” and “first-of-its-kind discussions.” He stated that he would create the program. To the press release from Hickenlooper’s office.
Hickenlooper said in the statement, “The space system threatens everything from global communications to the development of weather forecasting to space exploration.”
“More than 900,000 pieces of space debris, including abandoned government satellites, pass over us every day,” Cantwell said. “This bill will advance the technology needed to remove the most dangerous debris before it destroys a satellite, crashes into a NASA mission, or lands in harm’s way. We must continue to space exploration, and we have to do it safely.”
Removing Space Debris Requires Action And Caution
Wicker noted in a statement that the bill addresses “significant aspects” of debris removal. This includes everything from space shuttles (referred to by some Space Force officials as “garbage trucks” in space) to remove dead satellites from active fields to removing satellites from the ground. low Earth (LEO). he returned it to nature and burned it. They descend hard towards Earth, arriving at a nest of rigid foam designed to trap small (yet deadly) debris.
“I think the ORBITS Act is a great proposal, and I commend Senators Hickenlooper, Wicker, Cantwell, and Lummis for introducing it.” “This is the first major effort by Congress to address some of the major gaps in America’s efforts,” he said.
Weeden added, “The treatment of debris in orbit is one of the most important areas where the United States lags behind other countries, and this bill positions the United States as a leader in creating sustainable and accessible space for all.”
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The proposed bill would require NASA, in cooperation with the Department of Defense, the Department of Commerce, and the National Space Council, to “compile a list of debris that poses the greatest risk to the safety of spaceflight and operations.” in circulation.” He commands them to reveal it. This effort does not have to start from scratch, since in 2021 a group of experts from 13 countries published such a list, which includes large objects of various sizes.
In this section, NASA will offer at least two industrial groups to “provide a competition” for a “demonstration program to collaborate with industry in the development of technology to repair damaged objects through recycling with them or removed from circulation.” You will be in charge of the establishment.
She also urged NASA to find international partners who could expand the protests to include the debris created by their governments and industrial operations. (Under international law, the country that launched the spacecraft that produced the debris owns the debris and is responsible for harming the spacecraft or the people on the ground).
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The proposed bill also encourages the US government to purchase projects from industry partners “once they have been successfully demonstrated and sold.” However, the bill warns that US investments must be based on an assessment of “long-term demand.” The longstanding question of whether a business case can be made for commercial debris removal services has been a real deterrent to corporate investment in developing the technology to do so.
Interestingly, the Space Force has recently shown more interest than NASA in helping start-up companies outside of the interest of investors. SpaceWERX, a dedicated service center, launched the Orbital Prime competition in January with the aim of promoting the development of new dual-use technologies for ADR.
If passed, the ORBITS Act would require the National Space Council to update within a year the Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices (ODMSP) used by the U.S. government space agency. use, including Department of Defense activities. Specifically, the bill would require the Federal Aviation Administration, which regulates the launch and recovery of aircraft, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC, which regulates the use of radio frequencies by satellite) to implement new principles. “empowerment”. I use .
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This review must take into account the recent growth in the number of LEO (between about 100 and 2,000 km above the Earth) satellites due to the explosion of large satellites. Other issues to be addressed include collision risk. Potential loss of life; Dispose of the space system after the operation. Time to abandon or deorbit. Collision avoidance and automatic detection functions for aircraft. and the ability to follow debris in orbit that is decreasing in size. “
The last update to the standard came in December 2019 after an interdepartmental battle over the so-called 25-year rule, which requires LEO operators to destroy dead satellites within that period. Facing. In July, the White House Office of Science and Technology launched a new review of its rules in the National Orbital Debris Enforcement Plan [PDF].
Meanwhile, the FCC submitted its own draft amendments to the ODMSP in April 2020, and later proposed a review of the 25-year-old rule. And on September 8, the FCC proposed to change its requirements to require licensees to destroy aircraft in LEO within five years. The committee will consider the proposal at its meeting on September 29.
A New Chapter For Space Sustainability
Finally, the section also called on the Biden administration to “encourage other countries to align their regulations with U.S. laws.”
Finally, the proposed bill would require the Commerce Department to “work with the National Space Council and the FCC to develop and improve standard practices to avoid near misses and collisions between aircraft in space.” I command you to do so.
The Trump Administration’s 2018 Space Act-3 (SPD-3) promulgates tracking and alerting agencies for civil and commercial space activities, allowing the military to focus on threats and is huge for US space assets, especially space resources. transferred to the Department of Commerce. Russia and China. The Department of Commerce then contacted the Space Agency
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It is under the authority and functions of the National Water and Waste Management Board. Its mission is to upgrade the station to its own station and enable the creation of a civil system for space traffic management (STM) to ensure security operations.
STM issues are already firmly on the White House agenda, with the Department of Defense and the Department of Commerce announcing the system deal at last Friday’s National Space Council meeting, and Ma The Ministry of Commerce has announced plans to explore the space through the use of private companies. a series of moves to start the development.
IBCS sees more, understands better, and makes decisions faster to create real change for the U.S. military and its allies.
How Can Humans Clean Up Our Space Junk?
If Congress falls into disarray, the funds will include $61.4 billion in Kiev and $14.3 billion in Jerusalem, in addition to some smaller pots.
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