Sustainable Urban Agriculture And Food Production In Smart City Environments – The area of Singapore is only 724 square kilometers, but the country has long developed centers for agricultural technology in the city. Singapore’s agriculture sector is using agritech to increase self-sufficiency and food security over the years when he comes So, why is food development a priority for Singapore, and how can our agricultural sector use technology to improve self-sufficiency?
Currently, Singapore only grows 10% of its food due to limited land and other natural resources. For import-dependent Singapore, improving food security and self-sufficiency has become increasingly urgent as climate change causes unpredictable weather events such as droughts and floods. means more stress on global food and food prices.
Sustainable Urban Agriculture And Food Production In Smart City Environments
Apart from climate change, other international crises such as diseases can also expose the country to more supply disruptions and food price uncertainty, thereby affecting access to food in the island.
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Under the government’s effort to improve Singapore’s food supply, a new aid of $30 million has been announced to increase the production of crops in the country. This complements the $63 million Agricultural Development Fund, established in 2014 and upgraded in 2018, to support technology to improve production. Vertical farming and aquaculture are some examples of new farming technologies in Singapore, which aims to help local farmers achieve the goal of supplying 30% of Singapore’s food needs by 2030.
Eggs are a great source of protein, and agricultural technology is being used to increase the production, yield and variety of eggs produced at three egg farms in Singapore – Chew’s Agriculture, N&N Agriculture and Seng Choon Farm.
New technology has enabled farms to automate their processes – from feeding the chickens, to collecting, sorting and packaging the eggs. All three farms have implemented the Singapore Quality Egg Scheme, and have implemented a quality monitoring system to ensure that the eggs meet the quality standards set by the Singapore Food Agency.
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Automation has increased production and increased local eggs. Technology has also facilitated the production of specialty products such as hard-boiled, frozen and ready-to-eat eggs.
Technology is also being used to increase the quantity and quality of fish produced in Singapore. Some coastal fish farms are beginning to use cage systems to raise fish in controlled environments to protect the fish from External factors such as rising sea temperatures, algae blooms, and oil spills can kill tons of fish. In addition, Singapore Aquaculture Technologies’ Smart Floating Fish Farm also uses artificial intelligence (AI) to monitor the health and growth of its fish, while the Aquaculture Center of Excellence’s Eco-Ark is using patented technology to produce more fish with less energy. and clean water.
Closed system systems also allow fish to be reared indoors with high productivity, saving space, water and manpower. The Apollo Aquaculture Group’s fish farm uses a Recirculating Aquaculture System to process and reuse water to raise fish. This technology has also automated the process from feeding to harvesting, and it is possible to monitor and control the conditions of the farms remotely.
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As technologies are increasingly used to conserve resources and create a suitable environment for fish farming, these systems will be able to technology packages to increase fish production for local consumers when their new farms operate at full capacity. In addition, since the fish in closed systems are farmed in a harmless environment, consumers can be sure that the fish is safe to eat.
Outdoor and indoor vertical vegetable gardens are emerging in Singapore. These farms use technology to increase physical space and create the right conditions for growing more food with less resources. The outdoor vertical garden, Sky Greens, uses a sustainable approach to optimize light and water use and produce greens. green. In contrast, indoor farms such as Sustenir and VertiVegies use new technologies to grow a supply of fresh produce in an environment. controlled environment, which is less affected by floods, drought and sunlight.
In addition to increasing crop yields, agritech is also being used in vegetable farming to introduce new types of products that have not been grown in Singapore before and are not available year-round. This development allows local consumers to have access to fruits and vegetables – including rare and seasonal varieties such as strawberries and kale – all the time. throughout the year.
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Agricultural digital technologies such as AI and the Internet of Things enable farmers around the world to computerize agricultural supply chains to achieve optimal be more efficient and use data analysis to make better decisions. Now it is possible to collect data from hundreds or even thousands of farms to set benchmarks, giving farmers insight into their performance to help them reduce resources and increase yields for the best yields. good.
Farmers can also use big data to predict farm performance, and even use drones and farm bots to automate their operations and collect real-time data on their farms for better management. the options.
Besides increasing crop yields, the technology can also help reduce food waste. For example, machines can be used to check the health of plants and reduce the number of diseased and unhealthy crops that farmers have to discard. Innovative technologies can also improve supply chains and reduce food waste through better of strategic planning.
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As farmers in Singapore continue to use technology to improve food safety, these new technologies can be widely used in the future.
With the impact of climate change, Singapore’s agriculture will play an increasingly important role in supporting food security, and protecting against global food and climate crises.
Many partners in the critical sector have a role to play in helping Singapore achieve its goal of becoming a more independent and sustainable food producer. It includes:
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To do your part, make a conscious effort to choose local when purchasing new items. Look for the “SG Fresh Produce” or “Country of Origin: Singapore” logo on the package, or simply shop online for Singapore produce at -SG Farmers’ Market. Our world is becoming increasingly urban. More than 56% of people live in cities, which are increasing in size. In the next 30 years, the world’s population could increase by about 2 billion, reaching 9.7 billion people by 2050. Almost all of this population growth is expected to grow in urban areas.
Along with climate change, which puts a lot of pressure on production systems, we face major challenges in providing food for all.
It is important to rethink food production to be more resilient and sustainable, especially in urban areas. This means finding ways to improve food production resources:
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While no single solution is sufficient, updating agricultural systems to optimize resources provides valuable information. One such method is urban vertical farming.
Unlike traditional horizontal farming, vertical farming is a farming method that grows crops in clusters. Therefore, vertical planting saves space and allows more plants to be planted per square meter.
Imagine a tray brimming with delicious green lettuce. The shelves are stacked in a tower of identical shelves, and the tower is placed in a protective space. Artificial lights hang from each shelf, helping the green plants flourish. You imagine a vertical farm.
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Thanks to a series of LED lights, temperature control, ventilation and ventilation, the garden creates a controlled environment that monitors the plants, optimizes the use of water and prevents diseases from entering.
Features vary. Some farms rely on hydroponics: plants are grown without soil, kept in a nutrient-rich solution. Others, like Future Gaïa, use geoponics: plants grow in living soil, and automatically produce light, water, and nutrients.
Some indoor vertical farms are designed for this purpose; others use reusable spaces. Container Planters use containers that can grow new plants every year, regardless of geographic location.
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More green plants can grow on less land. By stacking them on top of each other, the plants can grow to a much higher height than in conventional gardens.
The efficient use of land is based on vertical farming for implementation in the city, where land is scarce.
In the city-state of Singapore, most food is imported. Producers like Sustenir Agriculture offer vegetables grown in the recycling office. They plan their products to produce 92% lower carbon emissions than green products from abroad.
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In China, the world’s largest producer and consumer, the city of Shanghai is also seeking to become more self-sufficient in its food production. In 2017, the city implemented a 100-acre project to convert entire neighborhoods into urban gardens, including rooftop gardens.
In addition, in the context of global warming, growing food on vertical farms means that crops will not experience droughts, storms or sudden changes in temperature, thus ensuring poor productivity on a small plot of land.
Using a controlled environment in organic farming can also eliminate the use of pesticides, and produce good fruits and vegetables. Finally, by automating irrigation and water recycling, some systems are said to use 95% less water than conventional farms.
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In the face of global warming, growing food on vertical farms means there will be no harvest.
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