The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity – Epidemiological characteristics and spatio-temporal analysis of the 2015 dengue outbreak in the metropolitan area of ​​Tainan city, Taiwan.

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The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

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How To Handle Stress At Work

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The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

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The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

Work Life Balance And Stress Management

Stefano Toderi Stefano Toderi Skillit Google Scholar*, Christian Balducci Christian Balducci Skillit Google Scholar

Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

Management skills to prevent and reduce stress in the workplace is one of the few models of leadership designed for the purposes of preventing work stress, but it has never been empirically evaluated. The purpose of this study was to examine whether supervisors’ stress-relieving management skills, as measured by the Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool (SMCIT), are related to employee well-being through psychosocial work environment factors. For this purpose, multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) was developed and tested, including data provided by supervisors and employees. Supervisors (n = 84) self-rated the SMCIT’s stress-relieving management skills (i.e., respect and responsibility, managing and communicating current and future tasks, causing and managing difficult situations, and managing the team individual). Did. Supervised employees (n = 584) rated job content (for example, job demands), work context (for example, role clarity), psychosocial factors, and their job-related well-being. Supervisors’ work-related well-being was also included in the model tested. The results showed that the factor of stress-coping skills was related to employee well-being through psychosocial work environment, when moderated by relevant work factors. Supervisors’ emotional well-being was related to their stress-coping skills, but it was not related to employees’ well-being. We discuss the implications of the results obtained.

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The critical role of leaders in determining employee outcomes has expanded from “traditional” performance-related outcomes to occupational health outcomes such as psychological well-being, job stress, cardiovascular disease, organizational safety climate, and workplace accidents and injuries. and health behaviors [1]. Against this background, a growing body of studies have applied the leadership model to the field of job stress and well-being. Scaccone et al. [2] Systematically reviewed the existing literature on this topic and found that “…leader stress, leader behavior, and leadership style impact employee stress and well-being” (p. 133). Meanwhile, Kelloway and Barling [1] focused on the empirical evidence on leadership development as an intervention in occupational health psychology, and concluded: “The available data suggest that leadership development is a practical and Provides effective tools” (page 274).

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

The Role of Leaders in Preventing Work Stress Despite this strong evidence of the importance of leader-centered action, research and practice on these topics has largely shifted to traditional constructs and leadership measures in the field of occupational health. Clearer and more appropriate theoretical frameworks and measures would provide more useful guidance for research and practice and facilitate comparison of findings across studies. Management skills to prevent and reduce stress at work [3, 4] represent an exception in this area, as it combines a leadership model to prevent work stress and a specific measure, the Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool ( SMCIT). Recently, Eurofound and the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) [5] proposed a framework as a good practice for developing supervisors’ behavior in the context of preventing work stress. However, it has never been empirically evaluated to date, limiting its application for practical purposes. The general objective of this study is to provide empirical support for the effectiveness of the model, allowing it to be used in practice to prevent work stress.

In the following sections, we will first briefly review the available knowledge on the role of supervisors and leadership in relation to job stress and the importance of supervisor development as an organizational intervention. Then, we describe in more detail management skills for preventing and reducing stress in the work environment. Third, based on the existing literature, we determined research hypotheses that sought to evaluate the utility of the Line Manager Competency Framework and Questionnaire (SMCIT) for work-related stress.

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

Workload And Wellbeing: How To Balance Our Work And Mental Health Effectively

Today, it is widely recognized that leaders can influence employee health [1]. This effect appears to occur in different ways, both direct and indirect, and through different processes [6]. Scaccone et al. [2] highlight three types of direct effects that supervisors can have on employee well-being and stress: (1) Supervisors can transmit their stress levels through interactions with employees and a crossover contagion process [7 ]; (2) Supervisors can directly influence employee well-being through their behavior (e.g., support, consideration, acting with integrity, etc.) and relationship quality; and (3) employee well-being and stress may be affected by the leadership style adopted by supervisors. Skakon et al. The literature review strongly supported the existence of the first two effects. Regarding the role of leadership style, the results obtained are mixed, showing a positive effect of transformational leadership but an inconsistent effect of transactional type. The authors concluded by recommending that future studies examine the processes linking leaders to employee stress and well-being. In fact, supervisors can indirectly influence employee stress and well-being through their influence and presence/absence of psychosocial hazards in the workplace.

Research on the mediating role of work environment has clearly demonstrated that perceptions of meaningful work [8, 9], role clarity, and development opportunities [9] mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and employee well-being. Recently, Lornaud et al. [10] noted that previous research has focused primarily on transformational leadership and little is known about the role of alternative leadership models. As a result, they focused on production, employee, and change-oriented leadership [11] and sought and control in determining five crisis outcomes (i.e., isolation, exhaustion, depression, sleep disturbance, and self-rated poor health). Mediator role studied. , , They found that the mediators fully accounted for the relationship between leadership orientation and outcomes.

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

Overall, research suggests that support for a direct effect of leadership on employee stress and well-being is limited when mediators are included, and that leadership styles other than transformational should be considered, and various work characteristics as mediators. Can work in.

Stress Management At Work: Simple Techniques To Help You Thrive

Given the important role of supervisors in the process of job stress, their development has been suggested as an important intervention available to organizations [1,5]. According to Kelloway and Barling [1], these types of activities have various positive characteristics in preventing job stress:

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

Furthermore, given the active role of supervisors in implementing organizational interventions [13], leadership development is a way to involve them in work stress prevention activities from the beginning, thereby facilitating the evaluation process.

In summary, leadership development can be considered an organizational-level, cost-effective, and well-accepted intervention that produces positive outcomes for employees and supervisors. Research and practice in this area is growing, but studies rarely focus on leader development in relation to job stress issues.

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

The Job Demand Control Support Model: What It Is And Why It Matters To Cope With Workplace Stress

A notable exception is the Health and Safety Executive Framework mentioned above, which has been cited for its theoretical [14] and practical [5] importance.

This approach was developed through a research project initiated by the UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Yarker et al. [3, 4] provided three types of results: a theoretical framework of management skills and a link with the psychosocial work environment, a questionnaire aimed at measuring the skills, and a questionnaire for supervisors aimed at improving their skills. Learning and development interventions.

The Psychology Of Workload Management And Stress Reduction For Greater Productivity

First, in a review of the literature on leader and employee well-being, Yarker et al. [3] None of the various leadership models available have focused on a comprehensive list of supervisors’ behaviors to manage job-related stress. So they chose to focus on a set of skills.

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